The Ultimate Guide For Integrating Literacy and STEM

students doing STEM and Literacy

Finding Time to Do STEM

I was having trouble finding time to do STEM during the school day, so I decided to integrate it with my literacy stations. This is my ultimate guide for integrating literacy with STEM.

Students Learn Vocabulary While Doing STEM

Happy Fall you festive ball of fun! As you well know, we are getting into the season of the seasonal. First Halloween, then Thanksgiving, then Christmas. How are you supposed to get any teaching done with all the sugar-crazed insanity and general excitement in your classroom? Better yet, how are you supposed to get them to sit still and learn things like Science? Never fear! We have the perfect solution for your excited kiddos. Students learn vocabulary and STEM all at once. Innovation Stations Sounds like fun, right? I hope it does, because it is so extremely fun! Innovation Stations are a simple, stress-free way to incorporate STEM with what you are learning in other subjects.

Innovation Stations

Start with a desk, table, or other space you can designate as your students’ innovation station. I have a layout where students sit at desk clusters, so I easily added an extra desk to the end of each cluster. The beauty of this is that I have premade groups as well. Change seating arrangements, and you change the groups! Tell students they are permitted to work at their Innovation Stations during science, centers, or free time. Trust me, they will be begging you for opportunities, and you get them actively engaged in STEM. WIN!

Make sure this is a space that can remain untouched for the entire week.  I tell them that, just as people have deadlines in the real world, they will have deadlines for their STEM assignments. This way, I am also teaching them time management. When the week is over,  I move on to a new assignment with a new theme.Here’s the twist I start with vocabulary. That’s right, the focus of my  STEM Innovation Stations is a list of 5 or 6 vocabulary words. You can type them or write them!


Choose vocabulary based on another lesson you’re teaching for the week. My theme of the week was Reading, so I used a group of reading words from our Daily Concept Builders™ resources.The Objective Students had to create something that helps with reading. Some of them made word machines and others letter machines. The challenge was to use the vocabulary from the sheet in their conversations and in their conclusions. This is a great application of word of the day vocabulary that beautifully flows into STEM reinforcement.

This is a machine that makes letters, words, vowels, blends and word families.

Students doing STEM


For the entire routine, check out this post:

Be a Literacy Genius in 30 Minutes per Day


Word Machine

  My students created a word machine. The cool part about this is they created the -ake word family(which was one of the words), and the letter m is on a conveyor belt being delivered to the -ake family to create make.   My students created a real-life functional design where the box opens up and dispenses the letters!


pictures of STEM center


One group of students accounted for the possibility of machine malfunctions and created a shredder for “non-words.”

Incorporating Scientific MethodHere’s where it really gets good. Your students can utilize the steps for Scientific Method in their creations. I give a basic overview illustrating this process in this post:

The Ultimate Beginner’s Guide to STEM

Throughout the creation experience, your students will conduct trials to accomplish whatever goal they are trying to accomplish. Right now, the Innovation Stations are largely theoretical, but you can conduct imaginary trials where students think through what could potentially go wrong. You can also take it to the next level anytime with real-life challenges.For an easy head start…We’ve put together a lovely STEM Interactive Notebook page and Innovation Station template with project that you can use for Columbus Day. Click below for more info!

STEM interactive notebook
This free STEM notebook page will make the scientific method easy for your students.

STEM Interactive Notebook


Don’t forget to write…You mean I also gain Language Arts enrichment? Yes you do! Not only are these students getting excited about science, they are receiving constant reinforcement and application regarding their target vocabulary, and at the  the end of the week, my students will use the vocabulary words to write about their STEM creations. Check out a couple samples of their writing:


Student writing sample

This student used the conditional form in a sentence. If there is a word family song, I would dance. He then has a picture of the word machine in the bottom right corner shouting out words from the Innovation Station word list and a little person on the left saying “Let’s Dance.”


student writing about word family

This little girl wrote:  “If I see a word family, it will help me read.” She then lists examples of word families in her picture. These are first grade students! Many of them are English Language Learners. I believe the hands-on innovation stations are motivating my students to write. They are so proud of their creations.

This makes a differenceThis effort is brand new to me, and I have been teaching for over 30 years. I have been so amazed by the initiative my students are showing. In addition, there’s evidence of learning everywhere. Try this out in your classroom and let me know how your students enjoy it!


Check this post out about centers here!

Please comment on how you can integrate STEM and Literacy.

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4 thoughts on “The Ultimate Guide For Integrating Literacy and STEM”

  1. Kathy

    This is so great! I love the word machine! Your guide is very helpful!

    1. SOL Train Learning

      Thank you Kathy! I am always amazed at the creativity of our students!

  2. Wendy

    The word machine is amazing! This is such a great way to integrate literacy and stem – I bet your students had a blast too!

    1. SOL Train Learning

      Thanks Wendy! They loved doing this! I also put out different materials each week with our words for the week. They are so creative!

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