5 Strategies to Instantly Increase Fluency in Students

kids showing reading with fluency
Students will increase fluency with these 5 strategies.

Three fluency components you need in your routine

Science of Reading research shows that fluency is a vital part of a child’s development in the ability to read successfully. The three fluency components are accuracy, rate and prosody. Accuracy is reading the words correctly without substituting or omitting words. The rate is how slow or fast a student reads. It should be smooth and not so slow because they are trying to sound out each word and not so fast that they miss the meaning of what the text is about. Prosody is reading with expression. Fluent readers will show understanding of the text when they can read it with expression.

While fluency can be difficult for some students to develop, these 5 strategies, chunking, timed reading, repeated readings, vocabulary and reviewing high-frequency words will improve their fluency.

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1. Take this small step to make reading a snap.

Chunking words is a great fluency-building strategy that can help improve reading  quickly and help make reading more enjoyable. It involves breaking long words into smaller chunks to make fluency better.  It also helps to improve decoding abilities and it can also help with pronunciation since students are more likely to pronounce a word correctly if they focus on smaller pieces of the word instead of trying to pronounce the whole word at once.

My students like being word scientists as they look for patterns in words such as finding at in the word attitude. It is amazing how they look for the patterns in words now! It makes phonics easier for them.

word chunking
My students love being word scientists as they find word chunks.

By using this technique, readers learn how to quickly recognize and process words as distinct units rather than dozens of separate letters. The resulting practice will lead to shorter processing times and helps build confidence while reading because it reduces the amount of unfamiliar words that students may encounter.

2. Repeating is your key to reading success.

Another strategy for improving fluency is repeated readings. This involves having students read a passage multiple times until they become comfortable with the words and can read them accurately without hesitation. Repeated readings not only help build speed but also accuracy and expression as students become more familiar with how each sentence should sound when read aloud. Additionally, repeated readings can also be used as an assessment tool; teachers may ask their students to reread passages in order to gauge how well they understand what they are reading. I like to use these emergent readers that come with a single page that my students like to illustrate and keep in a poetry/song folder to go back and do repeated readings, and it is also a song, which makes it fun and easy to remember. We also highlight the vocabulary words.

spring season song to increase fluency
Students love illustrating the song page and rereading it with a partner.

3. Try timed reading to easily motivate your students.

Timed reading is another helpful strategy for improving fluency. This involves setting a goal for how quickly your student should be able to read each page or passage; then have them try and meet that goal by timing themselves as they read through it multiple times. Timed readings allow teachers to track progress over time, so they can see how much their student’s fluency has improved since beginning this exercise. Additionally, timed readings provide motivation for students who like setting goals and seeing their progress towards reaching them; this encourages them to continue working hard on improving their reading skills. Just be careful to make sure that your students are comprehending the text. You don’t want them to be so caught up in racing to get the text read that they lose the meaning.

4. Solid vocabulary is the simplest way to uplevel reading fluency.

Teaching vocabulary is an important part of any language learning curriculum. But why is it so important? The answer lies in the fact that having a strong, varied vocabulary is essential for fluency. With the right vocabulary, students can express their thoughts and ideas more clearly, allowing them to communicate with confidence. Let’s take a look at how teachers can help their students build a strong vocabulary and improve their fluency.

One way to teach vocabulary is to assign readings that contain words in context. This allows students to see how certain words are used in real life situations and gain a better understanding of what they mean. This also helps build their reading comprehension skills, which will come in handy when they need to use those same words in spoken conversations or written assignments. I use these emergent readers that contain our weekly concept based vocabulary. The students highlight the words in their readers and there are real photos of the words, so it helps them to make connections to the words.

spring emergent reader to increase fluency
Students make great connections and increase fluency using these emergent readers with real photos.

In addition to assigning readings, teachers should also provide visual aids whenever possible. If a particular word has multiple meanings, pictures can be particularly helpful in illustrating the different uses of the word. This will help ensure that students have a clear understanding of each word’s meaning. We have a new concept based theme each week where we review thematic vocabulary during morning meeting activities  and then carry it into our literacy centers.

spring vocabulary cards
Students love the real photos on these Spring Vocabulary Word Wall Cards.

Repetition is also key when teaching new vocabulary. Students should be encouraged to practice every day by writing down or saying out loud any new words or phrases they learn during class time.  We review these words daily and use them in writing as well as in the worksheets that come in this reading comprehension bundle.

spring writing to increase fluency
Students increase their fluency when they use vocabulary in writing.

Building a solid vocabulary is essential for language fluency, but it takes more than just memorizing definitions from a dictionary—it requires practice and repetition as well as exposure to real-world contexts where these words are used daily by native speakers.

Focus on high-frequency words to make reading a no-brainer.

Learning high-frequency words is a great way for students to practice fluency and increase reading comprehension.  It is important for them to learn high-frequency words because they appear in books, news stories, and other types of text more frequently than less common words. Learning these sorts of words will help kids develop fluency more quickly as their brain becomes familiar with seeing them often. Additionally, it can also help enormously with developing better overall understanding when reading; plus, many high-frequency words are also “building blocks” for longer, more complex words which can make understanding new vocabulary easier too. My students practice recognizing these words when they complete the vocabulary worksheets during center time. They are also great for morning work!

high-frequency words worksheets to increase fluency
Students practice their vocabulary and high-frequency words with these worksheets.

5 steps to solid reading fluency.

Fluency is an important part of reading comprehension that often gets overlooked by educators when teaching literacy skills. Fortunately, there are five strategies that teachers can use in order to help their students improve their fluency such as chunking, repeated readings, and timed readings, vocabulary and reviewing high-frequency words—all of which will ultimately lead to more successful readers! With these strategies in mind, every teacher should feel confident in helping their students achieve greater fluency levels within his or her classroom!

Transform Student Learning and Behavior with a Supercharged Morning Meeting

CLICK HERE NOW!

 

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